The Jamaica Cancer Society is reporting that there has been a decline in reports of lung cancer, and that the trend is expected to continue with a reduction in the use of tobacco.

Executive director of the Jamaica Cancer Society, Yulit Gordon, said that the fall in numbers was reported in the last published report of the Jamaica Cancer Registry in 2010.

“There was a decline in the incidence of lung cancer from 25.4 per 100,000 for the period 1993-1997 to 18.6 per 100,000 in 2003-2007,” she explained.

Gordon said that a downward trajectory in the use of tobacco is expected, augmented by the reinforcement of the Tobacco Control Legislation in July 2013.

She noted, however, that special attention needs to be placed on the youth, as the smoking trend for the 13-15 age group is in stark contrast to the declining figures.

The executive director cited a study conducted by the National Council on Drug Abuse in 2010, which indicated that the prevalence of smoking among Jamaican youth between the ages of 13 and 15 years has increased from 15 per cent to 24.9 per cent.

The study also revealed that Jamaican youth begin smoking as early as 13 years of age. It also showed that at least 44.4 per cent of students have smoked at least once; 31.3 per cent have smoked a tobacco product and 20.2 per cent have smoked cigarettes.

Gordon outlined the dangers of smoking by young people, explaining that the short-term health consequences of smoking include respiratory and non-respiratory effects, addiction to nicotine, and the associated risk of other substance abuse.

“Long-term health consequences of youth smoking are reinforced by the fact that most young people who smoke regularly continue to smoke throughout adulthood,” she added.

She warned that tobacco use can affect youth activities and athletic performance as it narrows blood vessels and puts a strain on the heart. It also leads to a lack of oxygen and shortness of breath.

Gordon issued an appeal for parents, guardians, teachers, guidance counsellors and persons with influence to get informed about the dangers of smoking and to impart its impact, in order to discourage children from starting the habit.

Photoreceptor specific promoters (mOP, hGRK1) targeted robust GFP expression to rods, whereas the ubiquitously expressed CBA promoter led to transgene expression in the retinal pigment epithelium, rods, cheap nfl jerseys cones and rare M horizontal and ganglion cells. Late onset inflammation was frequently observed both clinically and histologically with all three constructs when the highest viral titers were injected. ELLIOTT: Bonfigli is shooting here without a permit, and that’s something Congress cheap jerseys wants the National Park Service to crack down on. In May, the Park Service started charging a permit and location fee for some photographers, but it won’t wholesale football jerseys apply if you’re just a tourist out to get a vacation snapshot on the fake ray bans Mall or in the mountains.Packers do not do nearly enough to “scheme” their receivers open with their play designs. Receivers are often isolated and asked to win on their own. Adding a few more route combinations that create these picks would help free up receivers and get defenses out of thetight man coverage the Packers have had so much trouble beating.As a reminder, at Investor Day we committed to a 100 basis point improvement in constant currency adjusted operating margins from 2016 to 2018. We have a Cheap NFL Jerseys very good line of sight on the food and labor cost cheap nfl jerseys reductions that will facilitate this margin lock. And while to a lesser degree SG savings are also an important component.A full featured tablet offers a strategically different in use experience from the child specific tablets made by toy companies. The kids’ devices use 3.3 to 5 inch screens that can’t come close to the resolution of your iPad, and require greater pressure with a stylus instead of a light touch with a fingertip. Stylus dependent models have tethered input devices that resist getting lost, and most use animated avatars to guide kids through setup and software procedures, accompanied by voice prompts, but some youngsters who have no trouble using regular tablets find these supposedly kid friendly gadgets confusing.With special permission from the Nepalese government, Athans and climber Renan Ozturk fixed three foot long anchors deep into the crumbling walls. The going was slow: At one point, it took 14 hours to cover 328 feet. The duo eventually reached a series of tunnels and shafts, fixing a cheap nfl jerseys route inside the cliffs while dodging rockfall. “It was like through a dust storm,” Ozturk says. After working their way to the top of the complex, the climbers traversed from one opening to the next and soon entered a large domed room littered with more than 8,000 ancient manuscript folios, the illuminated pages filled with images of pre Buddhist Bn deities. “It was the first time in my career that I got to use techniques for something other than ,” Athans says.